L-ascorbic Acid: The Solely Vitamin C That Will increase Vitamin C Ranges In The Pores and skin

Usually, most individuals know vitamin C for its advantages when preventing the widespread chilly or to deal with scurvy; nonetheless, vitamin C performs a major position in sustaining the wholesome functioning of the pores and skin. L-ascorbic acid is without doubt one of the two types of vitamin C present in nature and is essentially the most biologically lively, which means it’s the most helpful. L-ascorbic acid’s efficiency makes it the popular type of vitamin C for many dermatological and skincare merchandise. L-ascorbic acid’s full identify might look a bit of daunting, but it surely simply refers to a particular construction of vitamin C. Ascorbic acid is the identify of vitamin C within the physique, and L in L-ascorbic acid refers back to the means the molecule rotates to gentle. 

L-ascorbic acid is essentially the most plentiful antioxidant within the physique; nonetheless, people can’t produce it on our personal, not like different mammals. As an alternative, we extract vitamin C by means of our eating regimen or supplementation. Vitamin C is concerned in lots of processes inside our our bodies, so the vitamin C we take in will get distributed to all our cells. Nevertheless, our pores and skin is commonly the final organ to obtain vitamin C and doesn’t obtain it on the concentrations required to have an effect on the pores and skin in any important means.

L-ascorbic acid is present in nature in vegetables and fruit similar to oranges, broccoli, leafy greens, grapefruit, and peppers. Additionally it is present in sources similar to Kakadu Plum and Hibiscus, sources utilized in clear magnificence vitamin C merchandise. Sadly, the quantity of vitamin C in these sources is impacted by cooking and its freshness. This affect is partly because of the breakdown of L-ascorbic acid that happens when it’s uncovered to air, excessive temperatures, and water. Most balanced diets will present your physique with sufficient vitamin C to assist your well being. Nevertheless, naturally occurring sources aren’t secure sufficient or comprise sufficient vitamin C to enhance the pores and skin’s look. That is why L-ascorbic acid utilized in merchandise is commonly synthetically sourced. 

Making use of vitamin C to the pores and skin in serum, powder, or oil type might assist your pores and skin to obtain the advantages of vitamin C. That is why topical vitamin C remedies are employed by dermatologists to assist enhance the looks of textured pores and skin, pigmentation, zits, and firmness.


L-ascorbic acid

the nice:Helps to take care of pores and skin barrier integrity, fights pigmentation, could also be concerned in irritation processes within the pores and skin, is concerned in collagen manufacturing, and protects towards solar injury.

the not so good: Extremely unstable molecule that makes formulating tough. That is why it is very important know what to search for when buying a vitamin C product.
Who’s it for? All pores and skin sorts. Individuals with delicate pores and skin sorts ought to use a decrease focus of vitamin C and cut back the frequency of use.

Who’s it for? Any pores and skin kind, until an allergy to triethanolamine has been recognized.

Synergetic elements: Vitamin E and ferulic acid.

Control: The supply of vitamin C, the focus and kind of vitamin C product. Product sorts embody gels, serums and powders.

What Are The Advantages Of L-Ascorbic Acid?

L-ascorbic acid is a powerhouse ingredient that may assist to enhance the looks of your pores and skin in some ways, making it an important product to deliver into any skincare regime. Research mentioned within the Journal of Medical and Aesthetic Dermatology have outlined the advantages of topical vitamin C remedies. 1 Their analysis discovered proof that topical vitamin C may help diminish the visibility of pigmentation, is concerned within the collagen manufacturing course of, could also be concerned in irritation, cut back the solar’s results on the pores and skin, and keep pores and skin barrier integrity.1

Environmental factors similar to radiation from the solar, UVA and UVB, air pollution, smoking, and eating regimen can put your pores and skin in a state of oxidative stress. Oxidative stress produces an imbalance within the ranges of molecules known as free radicals.6 This imbalance might result in injury of cells and tissues throughout the physique. Free radicals, additionally known as reactive oxygen species or ROS, are a pure by-product of the physique’s chemical processes. Consider them as your physique’s waste. Free radicals can accumulate and create an imbalance. This imbalance has been studied for its hyperlinks with many illnesses and its position within the growing old course of.6 As an antioxidant, vitamin C is believed to cut back the consequences of oxidative stress by neutralizing the free radical molecules and rebalancing their ranges in your physique. 


Vitamin C and solar injury

When your pores and skin is uncovered to UV gentle, it may well produce free radicals as a part of a course of known as oxidative stress.6 Free radicals are concerned in a cascade of occasions that will cut back the quantity of collagen your physique produces, improve mobile injury, and will trigger hurt to the DNA throughout the cell. The results of free radicals on the pores and skin end result within the manufacturing of the looks of deep wrinkles, pigmentation, and lack of elasticity.1 These modifications in look additionally are usually related to the pure lower in collagen manufacturing and solar injury as we age. 

As an antioxidant, Vitamin C neutralizes the free radicals fashioned by publicity to the solar, giving vitamin C protecting and restorative qualities towards solar injury.2 Sunscreens stay the best means of decreasing the consequences of solar publicity. Nonetheless, research have proven that vitamin C can improve the protecting skills of sunscreens and assist struggle a number of the seen pigmentation related to solar injury.

 Proof from a number of research displayed the protecting properties of vitamin C towards the solar’s dangerous results.  These research recommend that vitamin C and one other antioxidant, vitamin E, heighten the protecting skills towards the solar in sunscreen formulations. Dermatologists would possibly advocate utilizing a vitamin C serum containing vitamin E earlier than a sunscreen to harness vitamin C’s capacity to neutralize or rebalance the free radicals within the pores and skin.

 Vitamin C additionally helps to replenish vitamin E ranges within the pores and skin. Vitamin E is one other antioxidant like vitamin C, has been studied for its involvement in immune perform, sustaining pores and skin well being and its skills in supporting the pores and skin to guard itself from UV injury. 



As we age, collagen manufacturing decreases. From age 20, the quantity of collagen you produce reduces by 1% per yr. As a molecule, L-ascorbic acid has been studied for its position in pathways that produce collagen within the physique. Collagen types crosslinked fibers within the deeper layers of the pores and skin; this crosslinking creates a net-like construction. It’s thought that collagen could also be what gives your pores and skin with construction, assume firmness or elasticity.

Vitamin C acts as a cofactor or a helper molecule within the physique’s pure collagen forming course of. L-ascorbic acid has been studied to assist crosslinking and stabilize the collagen fibers. Vitamin C has additionally been investigated for its involvement within the manufacturing of a molecule known as procollagen mRNA. This molecule indicators the manufacturing of collagen and is answerable for signaling to the cell that collagen is required. Whereas a number of research assist vitamin C’s involvement within the processes that produce collagen, analysis is ongoing as as to whether skincare merchandise containing vitamin C have important results in bettering seen firmness and elasticity of the pores and skin.  Because the pores and skin is the final organ to obtain dietary vitamin C, topical L-ascorbic acid merchandise similar to powders and serums could also be helpful to enhance the looks of the pores and skin. A examine of vitamin C in skincare recognized that topical L-ascorbic acid merchandise elevated L-ascorbic acid ranges within the pores and skin.5 The examine additionally discovered that vitamin C merchandise might enhance the looks of the pores and skin at any age.  


Pigmentation and L-ascorbic acid

Pigmentation happens on the floor of the pores and skin for a large number of inside and exterior causes. These can vary from being pregnant or melasma, hormonal imbalance, and solar injury to genetic predispositions, harm, or irritation. Melanin is the molecule answerable for giving your pores and skin colour or pigment—The uneven manufacturing of melanin ends in pigmentation areas on the floor. Vitamin C works to cut back the visibility of pigmentation by means of inhibition of the enzyme answerable for producing melanin within the pores and skin. By inhibiting the irregular manufacturing of melanin, vitamin C, on the proper focus and pH, may help reduce pigmentation’s look.  Dermatologists would possibly advocate concentrated vitamin C merchandise alongside retinol and laser for pigmentation. Utilizing vitamin C to cut back the looks of pigmentation can take time and rely in your product’s power and frequency. It’s essential to make use of sunscreen alongside vitamin C merchandise to keep away from additional pigmentation from the solar.  



Irritation within the pores and skin is widespread. Nevertheless, some folks need to cope with infected pores and skin each day. Circumstances similar to zits, psoriasis, rosacea, and eczema might trigger the pores and skin to be chronically infected. Vitamin C or L-ascorbic acid is at present being studied for its position within the irritation course of. 

Vitamin C is believed to inhibit a molecule that prompts pro-inflammatory cytokines. Cytokines are concerned in immunity and assist produce the irritation response within the physique to heal – consider wholesome wound therapeutic. In circumstances the place the pores and skin is chronically infected, the cytokines react inappropriately, usually working in overdrive. This can lead to continual irritation. At the moment, topical vitamin C merchandise are being examined for a way it’s concerned in irritation, wound therapeutic, and post-inflammatory linked pigmentation. 


Pores and skin barrier integrity

The integrity of the pores and skin barrier is crucial for sustaining wholesome, clear pores and skin. The pores and skin barrier contains the outermost layers of your pores and skin. It’s answerable for defending the pores and skin’s deeper layers from injury, allergens, micro organism, and moisture loss. When points with the pores and skin barrier happen, it might recommend circumstances similar to atopic dermatitis and eczema. 

Vitamin C has been utilized in mixture with different skincare elements and dermatological therapies to deal with circumstances that have an effect on the pores and skin barrier. Vitamin C is believed to take care of the pores and skin barrier by enhancing the flexibility of a sort of cell, keratinocyte, to specialize its perform within the cell. 

What Ought to You Take into account When Selecting A Vitamin C Product?


Stability of your vitamin C product

L-ascorbic acid is a extremely unstable molecule. It requires a water-based setting, a low pH, and antioxidants to extend its capacity to penetrate the pores and skin deeply. All of those circumstances are necessary for making a secure and lively vitamin C product. It’s important to know why L-ascorbic acid requires these circumstances when selecting a vitamin C product so to discover one that’s efficient and can final. 

L-ascorbic acid has a lowered capacity to penetrate the pores and skin at its pure pH. The lowered penetration is a results of the construction of the L-ascorbic acid molecule. L-ascorbic acid is a charged molecule and is hydrophilic. These two traits imply that L-ascorbic acid will readily bind to water molecules, making it laborious for the molecule to go by means of the pores and skin’s hydrophobic layers. 

Lowering the pH of a product to lower than 3.5 or make it extra acidic, permits for L-ascorbic acid to penetrate deeper and be secure for longer.4  Nevertheless, decreasing the pH of the product might result in sensitization of the pores and skin, because the pure pH of the pores and skin is round 5.5. You will need to know the focus of the product (extra on that under). 

To create a extra secure product that lasts longer, some vitamin C merchandise in the marketplace use completely different types of vitamin C of their merchandise. Different vitamin C’s similar to; magnesium ascorbyl phosphate or ascorbyl-6-palmitate are extra secure at a impartial pH.1

Nevertheless, a examine carried out by Duke College Medical Middle discovered that these two substitutes didn’t improve the pure vitamin C ranges within the pores and skin.1

Some formulations will embody different antioxidants to assist stabilize the L-ascorbic acid. Research have urged that incorporating antioxidants similar to ferulic acid and vitamin E can improve the steadiness and enhance the product’s capacity to penetrate deeply into the pores and skin. A examine revealed within the Journal for Investigative Dermatology discovered that the ferulic acid stabilized the formulation and elevated the protecting capabilities of vitamin C to the solar’s results.7 

In poorly designed merchandise or formulations, the L-ascorbic acid can destabilize within the bottle, usually leaving the product with a yellow hue. Oxidation is the method that causes this discoloration in your product. In poorly designed formulations, the method of oxidation may also happen on the pores and skin’s floor, leaving the pores and skin with a buildup of free radicals and acidic by-products or waste. This will have an effect on the well being of the pores and skin mantle barrier, work together with different merchandise, and hasten the growing old course of. L-ascorbic acid will solely keep lively in skincare merchandise for a brief interval as soon as opened. Even well-designed merchandise will expertise this, as publicity to the air will oxidize the L-ascorbic acid.  To extend your product’s longevity, search for powder formulations, merchandise in vial type, or small product sizes or merchandise formulated with antioxidants similar to ferulic acid. 



Focus is one other vital ingredient when contemplating which L-ascorbic acid merchandise would finest fit your wants. Manufacturers will promote a excessive degree of vitamin C of their product, similar to manufacturers which have 100% L-ascorbic acid of their product names. Whereas it might appear interesting to have concentrated merchandise, concentrations of L-ascorbic acid above 20% can irritate your pores and skin. Excessive ranges of L-ascorbic acid can sensitize the pores and skin, so at all times test what focus of L-ascorbic acid is within the product. Most dermatological research have discovered {that a} vary between 8-20% produces one of the best outcomes with restricted irritation.

The examine carried out by Duke College Medical Middle discovered that the concentrations of L-ascorbic acid above 20% do not need elevated pores and skin advantages.3 The examine decided that conversely, greater ranges can negatively affect the pores and skin’s situation. Delicate pores and skin sorts ought to use vitamin C merchandise within the decrease a part of the vary.


Artificial or plant-based vitamin C

Sometimes manufacturers gained’t promote the power of the vitamin C content material within the product however as an alternative deal with the supply. This lack of know-how concerning focus happens with formulations using Kakadu Plum, Hibiscus, or plant-based vitamin C sources. The problem with plant-based sources of vitamin C is that they are usually low in focus and are usually unstable. The power of L-ascorbic acid in Kakadu Plum is about 2%; as such can’t have an effect on the pores and skin in any important means. The low focus of L-ascorbic acid in plant-based sources and the instability of most pure sources is why handiest vitamin C merchandise use an artificial type of L-ascorbic acid of their formulations, together with most clear magnificence manufacturers. 


Vitamin C merchandise

Many product sorts can ship vitamin C to the pores and skin.  Vitamin C formulations come as gels, serums, powders, and even in oil. L-ascorbic acid is a water-soluble molecule that requires a low pH and the inclusion of stabilizers and antioxidants. So, most L-ascorbic acid formulations might be in a water base or dried type. 

L-ascorbic acid is utilized in gel or serum formulations and the product is absorbed rapidly with out including further moisturizing merchandise. This makes them appropriate for greasy or acneic pores and skin. In addition they work nicely with a longtime skincare routine, avoiding disrupting a working regime. Powder types of L-ascorbic acid are additionally accessible. They forestall the necessity for many stabilizers and cut back the danger of decreased effectiveness by means of publicity to the solar and air because the product turns into lively solely when combined with water. 


Different forms of vitamin C

The kind of vitamin C usually varies between formulations. As a vitamin C supply, L-ascorbic acid is essentially the most well-researched supply and the supply that has proven essentially the most advantages to the physique. Different types of artificial vitamin C utilized in skincare are mineral ascorbates, calcium ascorbate, magnesium ascorbate, ascorbyl palmitate, or tetrahexyldecyl ascorbate.  The kind of vitamin C and the kind of product can have a major impact on the efficacy of the product.

Research have indicated that tetrahexyldecyl ascorbate would possibly equal L-ascorbic acid by way of effectiveness. Tetrahexyldecyl ascorbate is an oil-soluble type of vitamin C that works alongside different merchandise similar to retinol. In a evaluate carried out by the Beauty Ingredient Assessment, proof indicated that tetrahexyldecyl ascorbate is extra secure in resolution, much less irritating, and capable of penetrate deeper into the pores and skin, making it a promising vitamin C therapy. 

What Are The Different Makes use of Of L-Ascorbic Acid?

L-ascorbic acid is perhaps used as a mixture remedy to assist the therapy of different pores and skin circumstances. Vitamin C has been used to assist remedies for progressive pigmented purpuric dermatosis (PPPD), allergic contact dermatitis, scarring, and vitiligo.8 These makes use of usually make the most of each the topical type and the oral type alongside different medicine and supplementation.

What are the Greatest Pores and skin Care Merchandise of 2022?

1. Al-Niami, F & Chiang, N 2017. ‘Topical Vitamin C and the Pores and skin: Mechanisms of Motion and Medical Functions’, The Journal of Medical and Aesthetic Dermatology, vol. 10, is. 7, pp. 14-17.
2. Chen, L, Hu, J, Wang, S 2012. ‘The position of antioxidants in photoprotection: A vital evaluate’, Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, vol 67, is. 5, pp.1013-1024. 
3. Murray, J, Burch, J, Streilein, R, Iannacchione, M, Corridor, R & Pinnell, S 2008. ‘A topical antioxidant resolution containing nutritional vitamins C and E stabilized by ferulic acid, supplied safety for human pores and skin towards injury brought on by ultraviolet radiation’ Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, vol. 59, is. 3, pp. 418-425. 
4. Pinnell, S, Yang, H, Omar, M, Monteiro-Riviere, N, DeBuys, H, Walker, L, Wang, Y & Levine, M 2001. ‘Topical L-ascorbic Acid: Percutaneous Absorption Research’, Dermatol Surg, vol.27, is. 2, pp.137-142. 
5. Pullar, J, Carr, A & Vissers, M 2017. ‘The Roles of Vitamin C in Pores and skin Well being’ Vitamins, vol. 9, is. 8, pp. 866. 
6. Telang, P 2013. ‘Vitamin C in dermatology’ Indian Dermatology On-line Journal, Vol. 4, is. 2, pp. 143-146. 
7. Yatskayer, M, Oresajo, C, Bhushan, P, Yano, S & Stephens, T 2011. ‘Medical analysis of an antioxidant gel cream containing vitamin c, ferulic acid and phloretin on photodamaged pores and skin’, Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, vol. 64, is. 2, pp. 24.
8. Wang, Okay, Jiang, H, Li, W, Qiang, M, Dong, T & Li, H 2018. ‘Function of Vitamin C in Pores and skin Ailments’, Frontiers in Physiology, vol. 9, pp. 819. 

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